Appendicitis is a disease that cannot be prevented and that no child is safe from suffering from it. Knowing the causes that produce it, the signs that can alert us to a blockage of the appendix and, in turn, what the recovery of children is like is vital. These are the foods that children can eat after an operation for appendicitis.
The appendix is a small organ of unknown function that is located in the lower right part of the abdomen. The appendix is tube-shaped, about 6-8 cm long, and is attached to the first part of the large intestine, just where it joins the small intestine.
Appendicitis is caused by a blockage inside the appendix, although unfortunately the specific causes that can create this blockage are unknown. Some of the theories suggest that, being a part of the intestine, the appendix can become clogged with fecal matter, which allows a microbial imbalance and an overgrowth of bacteria that directly affect the immune system, producing inflammation.
Also, this blockage causes an increase in pressure and problems with the flow of blood in the area. If the blockage is left untreated and unclogged, the appendix can rupture and spread the infection to the abdomen, producing a condition, known as peritonitis, that is more serious than the appendicitis itself.
Abdominal pain is the most common symptom of appendicitis, starting in the navel area and gradually deviating towards the lower right area of the abdomen, just where the appendix is located.
In addition to this pain, which is increasing and making it difficult to palpate the abdomen, the patient may experience loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, low fever and general malaise, symptoms that are easily confused with those of gastroenteritis, but which, if accompanied by localized pain in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen, may clearly indicate the need to rule out appendicitis.
Appendicitis is considered a medical emergency that is resolved, in almost all cases, with the removal of the appendix before the infection progresses, since, up to now, its removal has not been observed to have apparent consequences for the sick. Nowadays, surgery to remove the appendix or appendectomy is performed laparoscopically in the vast majority of patients, which requires smaller incisions than an open appendectomy.
According to the review published in the Cochrane Library, the main advantages of laparoscopic appendectomy over open surgery are the reduction of the risk of wound infection, post-operative pain and hospital stay, which ensure a faster return to patients. normal activities, something transcendental especially in the little ones, who usually cope with illnesses (and limitation of movement) with difficulty.
After surgery, the child may be weak and tired for several days, especially since the abdomen may still be swollen and sore. Additionally, the child may have gas and constipation, which may be aggravated by fear of having the incisions from the operation still recent.
Although the child can return to his usual diet, slowly, once he has returned home from the hospital, it is advisable to take into account his general condition to recommend an appropriate diet, and to continue with a soft diet if the child experiences nausea or pain.
- Creams, broths and soups, rice and pasta, yogurt, milk and foods that require little digestive effort they are ideal to start with.
- However, it is highly recommended that the transition be brief and the child's diet evolve towards his normal diet, choosing foods rich in complex carbohydrates and fiber, such as rice and whole wheat pasta in the main dishes.
- A variety of fruits and vegetables should also be included, that allow the child to obtain vitamins and minerals, in addition to ensuring a good supply of fiber that facilitates the evacuation of feces.
- As protein sources they are recommended chicken and fish, in addition to legumes, preferably combined with cereals to improve the quality of their protein.
- As for the drink, water is our great ally, and should be consumed in abundance, since after appendicitis the child can become dehydrated more easily.
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