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Herpes simplex HSV1 or cold sores is very contagious and although in adults it does not have major consequences since it manifests as a fever, in newborns it can cause serious damage and even death. It is transmitted through saliva and has nothing to do with vaginal herpes.
About 85% of the world's population is infected and more than half of them have been infected in childhood before 6 years of age. Once infected, the virus remains latent in our body and it can sprout again throughout our lives, since it does not heal.
The cold sore outbreak can last between 7 and 15 days but what are its symptoms ?:
- It starts with an itchy and burning sensation on the lips.
- Small blisters appear in the area.
- Blisters break and fluid flows.
- A scab forms.
- The scab falls off without leaving hardly any marks.
It is important to be very careful to avoid the spread of contagion when the virus is in full bloom.
1. Wash your hands with soap very often.
2. Do not touch your face with your hands.
3. Wash toys and objects that the child touches.
4. Avoid kissing.
5. Do not share glasses, cutlery, towels, bottles or pillows.
6. Apply lip sunscreen.
If a newborn is infected with a cold sore it can be very dangerous. It can cause infections such as encephalitis or meningitis, and affect the brain, lungs and liver, also causing ulcers on the skin and eyes and can even cause death.
The first outbreak of cold sores in children can cause the disease called herpetic stomatitis what it entails:
1. High fever.
2. Gum pain.
4. Difficulty eating.
5. Blisters on the mouth, tongue, cheeks, roof of the mouth, and gums.
Lowered immune systems, hormonal changes, stress, lack of rest, and high and low temperatures can trigger cold sore outbreaks. During pregnancy it can be treated with anti-herpetic creams, always consulting our doctor, and if the outbreak occurs once the baby is born it is very important to take precautionary measures to avoid infecting our child. Some remedies can also be applied to shorten its duration and avoid contagion:
- At the first symptoms, applying ice and alcohol to the area can prevent its development.
- Topical antherpetic or antiviral creams applied 4 or 5 times a day, before 72 hours after the outbreak, help to shorten the viral process.
- There are creams that promote healing after the explosion of the blister.
- The patches help reduce the spread.
- The gels isolate the affected area to prevent the virus from spreading.
Cristina González Hernando. Editor of our site
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