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Mom why change the moon and why does it appear different in the sky every night? If there is something that draws a lot of children's attention, it is atmosphere, nature, the formation of clouds, sunsets or the nocturnal appearance of the Moon. Understanding these processes makes it much easier for parents to explain curiosities such as the lunar cycle In a simple way.
To begin with, in order to explain to the children the lunar cycle, the best thing is that we get hold of some articles to make the explanation easier. We can do it through small plasticine balls in different colors to stage the lunar movements and also so that the earth is present. We can also do it with drawings to explain the different moon phases and their movements.
The first thing our children should know about the cycle of the moon is that she is the only one natural satellite from the earth. This means that it moves around our planet, which revolves around the Sun. Depending on the position with respect to the land and to Sun, so will the phases of the moon, in a cycle that lasts about 29 days, and that are the different illuminations that the moon passes through when making a complete revolution on Earth. Thus, the moon will change day by day, which awakens the curiosity of children.
For the children to understand how the moon changes, with each of the drawings or plasticine constructions of the Moon phases We have to put them around the Earth, leaving the Sun on one of its sides so that they understand their performance.
- New Moon:This type of moon is barely perceptible. For the children to understand, with the plasticine balls, we will have to make a circumference that is the same color as the night sky, so that they can see that it will not be seen. If we are drawing, we can also put it behind the sun, which is what prevents viewing in the sky.
- Crescent moon:It is the phase that is between the new moon, the first quarter and the full moon and lasts approximately between 19 and 30 hours, which means that it can be seen from different angles. It is very small, and we can draw it easily.
- First quarter: It is the most characteristic shape for a child, since it is shaped like a melon slice, but so that they are not confused, we must tell them that it is not the one that draws a 'C' in the sky, but just the opposite. To draw it on paper, just do the opposite, since the Moon it is at a 90º angle with the Earth and the Sun.
- Full moon:It is one of the most recognizable phases for children. They will easily understand that when the lunar cycle has all the prominence of the sun, thedisplay it will be total. The moon, also called the full moon, will be completely round, so the play with clay or the drawing must be a circle that is white inside.
- Last quarter: In this phase, the moon draws a right angle like the crescent moon, but just to the opposite side. Placing a mirror on the previous drawing will make it easy for children to understand that the moon has turned around when illuminated from that side.
- Black moon: It is in this phase when the moon begins its cycle again from the origin. For the children to understand it, we must give it dynamism with arrows that join the drawings or the plasticines.
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