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The urinary infection It is one of the most common ailments in childhood, only below colds and respiratory diseases. It usually affects the bladder and urinary tract, but it can also reach the kidneys.
This type of infection appears in a 6% of children under one year. From the age of 3, the disease occurs most often in girls, up to five times more. The same happens in boys who have been circumcised or operated on for phimosis, which reduce the incidence of urinary infection between 5 and 20 times.
Urine infections are usually caused by a bacterial cause , the most common is bacteria Escherichia coli. These pathogens, found on the skin around the anus and vagina, reach the bladder and urinary tract causing inflammation in the area.
Some newborns have the so-called reflux vesicoureteral, a condition that allows urine to flow back into the ureters and kidneys and that causes infections at little time after birth. Other common causes in childhood are poor hygiene when changing diapers or going to the bathroom, wearing very tight clothing, or holding too much urine in the bladder.
In young children, the symptoms of UTIs vary widely, and may not even appear. In general, the little ones have fever, lack of appetite, painful urination and in the lumbar area, vomiting and cloudy or even bloody urine.
Although it is not frequent in children that this ailment reaches the kidneys, if it occurs, the previous symptoms are aggravated, especially fever, vomiting and pain in the lower back and abdomen.
A urine sample is needed to diagnose a UTI, which can be complicated in children who are still wearing a diaper. In these cases you can use a probe or collect urine with an injection directly from the bladder.
Rapid antibiotic treatment is essential to prevent the infection from reaching the kidneys. Newborns may require hospitalization and receive antibiotics through an IV. Babies and older children will take the medication by mouth.
It is common for urine infections recur, so many children will need antibiotics for many months, even a year or two. It is very important that parents teach their children the proper way to go to the bathroom and to clean themselves, always from front to back, to avoid the passage of bacteria to the urinary tract.
You can read more articles similar to Urinary infection in children, in the category of Childhood Diseases on site.