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Dyslexia and dysgraphia are the learning disorders (LD) that children suffer the most. In Spain they are present in 1 child per classroom. These ATs may be behind the difficulties many children have in school, as they directly affect their ability to read and write.
We explain exactly what dyslexia is, what dysgraphia is and how it affects children's learning.
- Dyslexia: causes the child to have difficulty learning words and constructing sentences. This makes his reading and writing level not the same as that of his peers, but parents should not be alerted if the child is under 8 years old. Until that age they are still in the period of learning to read and write, so it is not easy to diagnose dyslexia.
- Dysgraphia, causes the child to have difficulties to structure a text when writing. This disorder affects the psychomotor and coordination abilities. For example, mishandling the pencil, writing very large letters or writing slowly, are the most visible effects of their difficulty in coordinating their movements.
Children with dysgraphia or dyslexia tend to perform poorly in school, especially in mathematics and languages. As an innea psychologist, I recommend that parents look at the following aspects to detect the presence of a possible AT:
1. Does your child have a hard time understanding a text and has difficulty understanding what he has read? It is very common for children with dyslexia to change one letter to another or have problems memorizing and structuring sentences.
2. Do you notice that sometimes, when he speaks, he adds letters to the end of words? Do you confuse a T-shirt with a cat-shirt, a fish tank with a breastplate or a car with a car? These children may have a hard time matching letters to their sounds.
3. When you write, do you have trouble correctly separating all the words in a sentence? For example, these children, instead of writing 'the mother of my friend' would write 'the mother of my friend'. This is because dysgraphia makes it difficult for you to identify all the words in a sentence and separate them well when you write.
All these problems not only pose an obstacle in the language course, they also make it difficult to carry out exercises and exams in other subjects. For example, in science, they have to spend more effort than usual to understand the sentence or, in mathematics, they have trouble writing the answer to a sum correctly even when they know the result. There are even times when these children solve a problem well but do not respond to what is asked. This is because while reading, they accidentally skipped a sentence in the sentence.
If symptoms of dysgraphia and dyslexia are recognized in children, they should go to a specialized center if they do not see improvement after 8 years of age, which is when the learning process ends.
You can read more articles similar to How Dyslexia and Dysgraphia Affect Children, in the On-site Learning category.